Ancient Egyptian Pre-Dynastic Period, Circa 3600-3300 BC, Black-Topped Redware Vessel. Size 6 inches high x 6 1/2 inches diameter.
This is an excellent example of black-topped redware pottery of the pre-dynastic Amratian (Naqada I) design. The handmade vessel stands on a small, circular base, with the body tapering outward to form a conical shape. The exterior is coated with a thin, red iron-oxide wash that was burnished to a lustrous finish. The black top is carbon, produced by subjecting the top of the vessel to dense smoke. Called B-ware by W.M. Flinders Petrie because of the distinctive black rims, black-topped pottery made of riverine clay is a hallmark of the Naqada Period. some evidence of repair apparent on the interior.
Cf. William Hayes, The Scepter of Egypt, A Background Study of the Egyptian Antiquities of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Vol. 1, Fig. 7, p. 16; Cleveland Museum Catalogue of Egyptian Art, 1999, No. 48.
Provenance: Ex Living Torah Museum collection, donated to the museum by Dr. Donald Brown.